“To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is to not have seen Italy at all, for in Sicily lies the key to everything.” — Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
For millennia, Sicily (or Sicilia, in Italian) has been at the crossroads of the Mediterranean. Every society that has passed through or conquered the island has left fragments of their culture behind; much of which is still visible today. For the modern traveler this means that the last 3,000 years of western civilization is abundantly displayed and conveniently compressed into this 25,711 km2 (9,927 sq. mi) floating triangle at the very edge of the European Continent, making it an accessible microcosm of Italy in the extreme.
So if you’d like to experience this sumptuous adventure across epochs and cultures, what are some of the highlights that will impart the visitor with this sense of historical passage? The list is endless, no doubt; but if you start with these five things, you’ll have at least tasted a bit of it all.